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pk10论坛吧|川贝母采收加工方法

中药|2014-04-19 11:14|来源:国医在线整理|编辑:高燕仙|中药图谱|阅读:次
本文来源:http://www.cnjgb.com/a/www.jxrtvu.edu.cn/

pk10的特别号www.cnjgb.com,(Tianshannet)Updated:2016-October-2211:59:19ChinesePresidentXiJinpingaddressesagatheringtocommemoratethe80thanniversaryofthevictoryoftheLongMarchattheGreatHallofthePeopleinBeijing,capitalofChina,Oct.21,2016.(Xinhua/JuPeng)BEIJING,Oct.21(Xinhua)--ChinesePresidentXiJinpinghailedtheLongMarchasan"epic,humanmiracle,"andcalledforeffortstorealizethe"twocentenarygoals"andtheChinesedreamofnationalrejuvenationin"anewLongMarch."Xi,whoisalsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission(CMC),madetheremarksatagatheringonFridaytocommemoratethe80thanniversaryofthevictoryoftheLongMarch.LiKeqiang,ZhangDejiang,YuZhengsheng,LiuYunshan,WangQishanandZhangGaoli,allmembersoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCPCCentralCommittee,alsoattendedtheevent.Duringhisspeech,XiledamomentofsilencetorememberthosewholosttheirlivesintheLongMarchandtherevolutionarywars.Around3,000people,includingRedArmyveterans,servicemen,seniorPartyandgovernmentofficials,representativesofnon-communistpartiesandthosewithnopartyaffiliationandthepublic,werepresentatthegathering.LONGMARCHFromOctober1934toOctober1936,theChineseWorkers'andPeasants'RedArmysoldierslefttheirbasesandmarchedthroughragingrivers,frigidmountainsandaridgrasslandtobreakthesiegeoftheKuomintang(NationalistParty)forcesandcontinuetofighttheJapaneseaggressors.Someofthemmarchedasfaras12,500kilometers.Withtheirstrongwill,RedArmyofficersandsoldierswerepushedtotheextremesoftheirphysicallimits,thisdramaticepisodeinworldmilitaryhistoryisnolessthana"glorioushumanmiracle",Xisaid."IwillneverforgettheLongMarch,theroutewaslitteredwiththebodiesofourfallencomrades.Butwesoldieredonandfinishedthemarchasweallbelievedin,andweremotivatedby,therevolutionaryidealandtheCPC'sleadership,"saidLiKaiyou,102,aRedArmyveteran.XialsocalledtheLongMarcha"statelymonument"inthehistoryofthegreatrejuvenationoftheChinesenation.TheLongMarchwasaremarkableturningpointfortheCPCandChina'srevolutionarycause,itsowedtheseedsofconfidencethatthestrugglefornationalindependenceandtheliberationofthepeoplewereachievable,Xisaid.DescribingtheLongMarchasa"greatexpeditiontoseekidealandfaith,testtruth,andbreaknewground,"XisaiditsvictorysignifiesthestrengthoftheChineseCommunists'ideals,faith,orientationandpath.FollowingtheLongMarch,theCPCrealizedthatthefundamentalprinciplesofMarxism-LeninismmustbecombinedwiththerealconditionsofChina'srevolution,enablingthePartytosolvemajorproblemsintherevolutionindependently,andleadtherevolutionarycausetovictory,Xisaid.Hesummarized"theLongMarchspirit"asseekingtruthfromthefacts,strictself-discipline,acknowledgementoftheoverallinterestsofthepeople,solidarity,andinvolvingpeoplefromallwalksoflife.NEWLONGMARCHThepresidentcalledforcarryingforththespiritoftheLongMarchtomoveforwardon"anewlongmarch."TheLongMarchisanongoingprocess,Xisaid."Nomatterwhichstageourundertakinghasdevelopedtoandhowgreattheachievementswe'vemade,weshouldcarryforththeLongMarchspiritandadvancein'anewlongmarch,'"headded.Eachgenerationhasitsown"longmarch,"andtheyshouldproceedintheirownway,accordingtoXi."Today,our'longmarch'istorealizethe'twocentenarygoals'andtheChinesedreamofnationalrejuvenation,"Xiadded.ThecountryhassettwogoalsofbuildingamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsbythetimetheCPCcelebratesitscentenaryin2021andturningthenationintoamodernsocialistcountrythatisprosperous,strong,democratic,culturallyadvancedandharmoniousintimeforthePeople'sRepublicofChinatomarkitscentennialin2049.Whileaddressingthegathering,PremierLiKeqiangsaidthatthespiritoftheLongMarchshouldbeinterwovenintoallwork."Bydoingso,theParty,thestateandthemilitarywillbemoresuccessfulintheirwork,"Lisaid.YuXiaochuan,aresearcherwhohasparticipatedinChina'smannedspacemissions,saidthespiritoftheLongMarchwasundeniablypresentinthecountry'smannedspaceprogram."Theprogramrequiresdedication.Ourworkisunderpinnedbyplacingthenation'sinterestsinthecenterstage,andwemustexploreunceasingly,regardlessofdifficulties,"saidYu.Inhisspeech,Xialsohighlightedthesignificanceofdevelopment,reformandinnovation.StressingthedecisiveroleofdevelopmentinsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,Xisaidthecountrywouldfocusoneconomicconstruction,guidingthenationthroughthe"newnormal"withbespokemeasures,whiletacklinganydifficultiesandcultivatingadvantages."ReformwilldecidethefateofmodernChina,"Xisaid.CONFIDENCEINPATHTocarryforththeLongMarchspiritandadvancein"anewlongmarch,"peoplemustsolidifytheirconfidenceinthepath,theory,systemandcultureofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,Xisaid."Whilewestressconfidenceinthepath,theory,systemandcultureofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,weshouldbynomeansrestonourlaurelsandstopmakingprogress,"Xisaid."Wemustconstantlydiscover,invent,createandmarchforward,soastokeepsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicspermanentlyinvigorated."Xiemphasizedthatallimprovementsandprogressshouldheadtowardadesignateddirection,ratherthanachangeindirection,oreven"abandoningtheveryfoundationwhereourParty,thecountryandthepeoplearerooted."DuringtheLongMarch,theRedArmynotonlytranscendedthebarriersof"thousandsofmountainsandwaters,"butalsoclimbedoverthebarriersofthemind,Xisaid,referringtoovercomingthedogmaticbeliefthatMarxismisimmutable.ThemostimportantmessagefromtheLongMarchisthatChinamustcombinethefundamentalprinciplesofMarxismwiththerealconditionsofChina,andmarchalongthepathofrevolution,constructionandreformassuitabletoChina'sconditions.STRONGARMYThepresidenturgedbuildingasolidnationaldefenseandstrongarmedforcesthatarecommensuratewiththecountry'sinternationalstatus,nationalsecurityanddevelopmentinterests."Tobuildastrongcountryrequireseffortstobuildastrongarmy,andonlywithastrongarmycanthecountry'ssecuritybeguaranteed,"Xisaid.HecalledforeffortstofosteranewgenerationofChineseservicemenwhoare"soldierswithsoul,highcaliber,gutandvirtue,"andtobuildrock-solidtroopswith"iron-likebelief,conviction,disciplineandcommitment.""TheLongMarchisthegloryofthepeople'sarmy,andthehonorablepeople'sarmymustalwayscarryforwardthegreatspiritandfinetraditionoftheRedArmyintheLongMarch,"Xisaid.HecalledonthearmedforcestoadheretotheCPC'sabsoluteleadership,maintaintheirnatureandupholdtheirprinciplesasthepeople'sarmy,andbetheheirtotheRedArmy.Moreover,heurgedthemilitarytoupholdpoliticalintegrity,promotereformandruleoflaw,andstrengthencombatreadiness.Theentiremilitaryshouldremainvigilantandbeawareofitsresponsibilities,Xisaid,notingthatthemodernizationofnationaldefenseandarmedforcesmustadvanceinabidtosafeguardthecountry'snationalsovereignty,securityanddevelopmentinterests.CPCLEADERSHIPInhisspeech,XialsostressedstrengtheningtheleadershipofthePartyandstrictlygoverningthePartyinordertomaketoday's"longmarch"asuccess.AllPartymembersmustupholdandsafeguardtheleadershipofthePartyandconsciouslyendorsethestandofthePartyandthepeople."TheyshouldbeloyaltotheParty,sharetheParty'sconcernsandshoulderresponsibilitieswiththeParty,"Xisaid.HecalledonPartymemberstodotheirutmosttofulfiltheresponsibilitiesandtasksarrangedbytheParty.Meanwhile,effortsshouldbemadetostrengthenandregulatepoliticallifewithintheParty,accordingtoXi.Hepledgedunswervingeffortstopromotecleangovernance,fightcorruption,andstrengthentheParty'sabilitytopurify,improveandinnovateitself.Inaddition,XisaidthePartymustadheretotheprincipleofdoingeverythingfor,andrelyingon,thepeopletostriveforabetterlife."Onlybybelievinginthepeople,relyingfirmlyonthepeopleandlisteningtothepeople'sinitiativeandcreativitycanweunitethenation'swilllikeafortress,"hesaid.GoingthroughthickandthinwiththepeoplewasthefundamentalguaranteefortheCPCandtheRedArmytoachievevictoryintheLongMarch,Xisaid,addingitisalsotheguaranteeforthePartytoovercomedifficultiesandrisks.ThePartyshoulduniteandleadthepeopleandmakeconstanteffortstoimprovetheirlivelihood,Xisaid,addingthatthefruitsofreformanddevelopmentshouldbenefitall.ZhuXiangqun,avillageofficialinHunanProvince,pledgedto"continuetofollowtheParty'sinstructions,relyonandleadvillagerstoachievevictoryinthe"newlongmarchofpovertyalleviation."(SOURCES:Xinhua)Editor:Chengli”村民许女士指着自家老宅院里彩绘的屋檐告诉《瞭望东方周刊》,“客人来参观都夸房子漂亮。

  川贝母家种、野生均于6—7月采收。家种贝母,用种子繁殖的,播后第三年或四年收获。选晴天挖起鳞茎,清除残茎、泥土;挖时勿伤鳞茎。 贝母忌水洗,挖出后要及时摊放晒席上;以1天能晒至半干,次日能晒至全干为好,切勿在石坝、三合土或铁器上晾晒。切忌堆沤,否则冷油变黄。如遇雨天,可将贝母鳞茎窖于水分较少的沙土内,待晴天抓紧晒干。亦可烘干,烘时温度控制在50℃以内。在干燥过程中,贝母外皮未呈粉白色时,不宜翻动,以防发黄。翻动用竹、木器而不用手,以免变成“油子”或“黄子。

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